The birth of the mountain in the public arena : A word in the service of left-wing members of the convention or of the republic ? october 1792-january 1793
For those who aligned themselves with it, the increasing use of the word "Mountain" fromOctober 1792 onwards reveals a plan for organising the public arena based on the public nature of the debates, the forming of networks among deputies and citizens, and the defence of principles related to resistance to oppression. It was initially employed by several left-wing Conventionmembers who frequented the Jacobin Club to differentiate themselves from the political line adopted by the “Brissotins”, in particular from the opposition created between Paris and the departments. Iintroducing the term in the Convention during the trial of the king, these same Convention members were accused of using it to set up a faction. They responded by multiplying the number of references to their lofty position in the assembly and their defence of the People. A transfer took place from November onwards, when the Parisian sections began to fraternise with the fédérés from the departments who were present in the capital. Without systematically using the word, they took it on board, by fully developing its unifying potential that was embodied in the successive patriotic festivals of January 1793. Together they they affirmed the establishment of the Republic and thus rallied deputies of diverse political tendencies.