In the org chart of the hungarian counties, the föispán is the man in charge, the « king of the province ». But the Hungarian föispán benefits from many more competencies than the French governor. Head of the county, he must oversee the entire operation and provide a support for the sovereign. But the föispán is an aristocrat, and can come from the county where his clientele is, and the perpetual ispanat prohibits the renewal of part of the group. A noble Hungarian and a representative of the sovereign, the föispán is both a leader and a mediator. United to the king via the loyalty and obligations of his duties, he is also attached to the county through his personal relationships and the remnants of the traditional “familiarities”. For a long time, historian believed that the föispán lived far from the county for which he paid little attention. However, in reality, the relationships between the föispán. and the county administrators seem to plead in favor of an involvement of the föispán, often significant, in the local administration. Nonetheless, his raises questions far beyong the simple operation of the local administration. By changing the föispán from county to district commission member, and by providing them with instructions that both modify the counties system and their role heading them, Joseph II ends this fragile although effective balance that makes the föispán the right hand/mn of the king and the protector of the county. However, this situation is not only the result of the prudence of its predecessors ; one can see a summary of the county institutions where political power of the nobility, social power of the aristocracy and royal authority meet. More than a representative of the authority, the föispán could possibly be one of the keystones of the system, allowing to modulate the pressure and ease tensions that can be expressed from each side. His presence is not seen as a direct exposure to the royal authority-which automatically raises suspicions and if not a reject, firm reserves- but to the opposite, as a mediation authority, an outside and influent medium in case of issues within the county or with superior authorities. Besides, the presence of the föispán allows the administrators of the “comitat” to delegate some of their responsabilities.