Truncated democracy, transparent convention. The two-thirds in the light of the deputies’ individual declarations of marital status and financial assets
When it came to retiring and applying the Two-Thirds decrees, members of the Convention members were called to account, which led them to declare their marital status and their family and social circumstances. Faced with attacks from monarchist circles, they also had to prove their virtue, and decided in Vendémiaire Year IV to make their income and assets public. The lists drafted, especially the second set, are incomplete – the leading orators in the Convention members were the most discreet. Nonetheless, they tell us a lot about the consequences of the political purges, which gradually called into question the elections of 1792 and destabilised the departmental deputations. They enable us to outline the sociology of the Convention, a hierarchy and a structure of wealth. This was not solely based on land ownership, but also on financial investments and on widespread practices of exchanges and transfers of capital, even before the opportunities offered by the sale of biens nationaux. Finally, the family portraits that emerge say a good deal about their respective ages, the incidence of bachelorhood, the gender-related distribution of duties or the sharing of political and monetary poverty, at a time when the inflation of the Year III was making life in Paris very difficult.